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The degree to which unintentional monuments factor into the formulation of national identity is perhaps best illustrated by the active recreation of destroyed historical structures ongoing in Ukraine today.
On August 23, 2002, after emerging from the Cathedral of St.
In form it harked back to the immediate past of Soviet practices, to the grand displays of virility and might that marked the annual commemorations of the October Revolution, May Day and other communist holidays.
Military jets escorting the Mriia, the largest cargo airplane in the world, flew overhead and tanks and missiles rolled along the triumphant thoroughfare of Khreshchatyk in acclamation of Ukraines contributions to Soviet technical achievements, while elite units of armed forces parading the latest fashions in formal military attire asserted the new states military readiness. Hrushevs′kyi, the Head of the Central Council (Tsentral′na Rada) of the Ukrainian Peoples Republic from 1917-18, decorated street banners, and outlined a relevant historical past for the recent political transformations that engendered the new state.
Rather it is the preservation of objects and structures, including works of art and architecture, which originally served to satisfy the practical needs of their creators, that is a uniquely modern phenomenon.
Correspondingly, Benedict Anderson, in his influential study Imagined Communities, designated tombs of Unknown Soldiers as emblematic of the culture of nationalism due to both their modern (according to Anderson such tombs do not have true precedents in earlier times) and unspecified character.Sculptural representations of a number of the same historical figures eventually will encircle the base of the Monument to Independence, unveiled for the anniversary in the re-christened Independence Square, the central public gathering space in the city, previously known as Red Square (fig. The newly erected monument supersedes a massive red granite portrait of striding Lenin (fig.3), which was deemed to be of substandard artistic quality soon after the August 1991 declaration of independence.Michael of the Golden Domes in Kyiv of which only the foundations remain will require full recreation (fig. The text of the recreation program maintains that the historical and cultural diversity of the various regions of Ukraine prevents the formulation of set criteria for the selection of monuments for restorational recreation.Fifty-two of the monuments are located in the various oblasts′ (regions) of the country, three in the Crimean Autonomous Republic, and one, the chapel on the grave of the Cossack hetman Pavlo Doroshenko, in the Russian Federation.