Dating peter jarvis
Medieval art includes Byzantine, Sienese, Umbrian, and Tuscan paintings, as well as a Giotto triptych and a These rooms, commissioned by the art-loving Pope Julius II and after him by Pope Leo X, are covered with a magnificent series of frescoes by Raphael.
In re-discovering the traditions of historical painting, Raphael began an art tradition that was to be followed for centuries.
In each of the scenes he uses a classical symmetry in the composition, positioning the characters in perspective around a central focal point.
The Stanza della Segnatura and the Stanza di Eliodoro were both painted by Raphael himself; the Stanza dell'Incendio di Borgo was done by his students under his supervision, and the ceiling by Perugino; the Stanza di Constantino was painted after Raphael's death by Giulio Romano and Gianfrancesco Penni.
It still serves that purpose admirably, and is filled to capacity each Easter Sunday and on other important occasions.
The frescoes by Michelangelo and others covering the walls and ceiling, acknowledged as the pinnacle of Renaissance painting, were extensively restored from 1980 to 1994, removing layers of candle-soot, dust, varnish, grease, and overpainting to reveal their original luminous colors.
Michelangelo began work on the large fresco on the altar wall in 1534, depicting the final scene in the story of the world, the Last Judgment.
Its dramatic presentation and artistic finesse rank it as one of the greatest achievements of European painting.
Michelangelo's ambitious idea was to depict the Creation as described in Genesis, beginning with God separating light from darkness, creating the sun and the moon, separating land and sea, and creating Adam and then Eve, and continuing through the story of Noah.
Below in the vaulting are colossal figures of the prophets and sibyls.