Dating for hiv positive
is usually pitched directly to the media, circumventing the normal process of scientific review and debate. The result is that a disproportionate share of the science seen by the public is flawed. circumcision must be combined with other techniques of HIV prevention, such as safe sex and voluntary testing.
It is not sufficient to rely on circumcision alone to prevent HIV transmission." - Ira Sharlip, MD, a specialist in sexual medicine at Pan Pacific Urology in San Francisco A traveller came to a farmhouse and offered to make the occupants Nail Soup in return for a night's shelter. But he said - "A nail must be combined with other soup ingredients, such as onions, carrots, meat and seasonings.
As controls on "psychic" research are tightened, the effects found steadily diminish, and when control is complete, the effects vanish. These results are certainly consistent with the null hypothesis, that circumcision has no effect on HIV acquisition: the confounding factors have just not all been found yet.
Yet as usual, this study advocates that "male circumcision should be seriously considered as an intervention to slow the spread of HIV-1 in uncircumcised populations".
With those precautions, the correlation between circumcision status and HIV acquisition fell to 1.5 (20% of circumcised men had HIV, vs 30% of intact).
With "adequate" genital hygiene, the rate among the intact fell to 26%.
Yet already this study is being touted as a reason for gay men to get circumcised.] Studies that claim to find a correlation between intactness and HIV transmission are not uncommonly misreported in a way that plays up the "protective effect".The circumcised men were more likely to be married and to have more than one wife, less likely to have ever been with a sex worker, or with more than three sex workers.(Equal proportions of both groups, 10-11%, had been with one or two sex workers.) These factors could well account for the difference. The authors maintain that "because participants did not know their HIV-1 status at the time of our visit, bias from this source would seem unlikely." But many would know their HIV-1 status because of AIDS symptoms. There are thus unknown ways in which men might non-randomly "include themselves out".This study - unlike others - found no effect of age of circumcision on HIV acquistion, even if the circumcision took place after sexual activity began and after HIV was prevalent.This suggests that circumcision itself is not the key factor.